Sorbic acid is an unsaturated organic acid, code E200 on the list of food additives. It is a substance of natural origin. On an industrial scale, it is obtained by chemical synthesis.
Sorbic acid properties
Has sorbic acid properties of a preservative, which is used in food and cosmetics. E200 has antifungal properties and is also added to moisturizers.
Sorbic acid properties
At room temperature, E200 turns into a solid, most commonly a white powder with very low solubility in water. When added to the product, it may cause a strong taste and characteristic odor.
This is a substance that exhibits high antifungal properties (not only inhibits the growth of mold, yeast and other representatives of this species, but completely prevents them from multiplying). It exhibits its strongest properties at acidic pH (below 6.5). It is noteworthy that this does not adversely affect the viability of bacteria. Therefore, for fermented milk products, this is an indisputable plus.
Derivatives / Sorbic acid salts
More popular than the product itself, its derivatives, that is, salts called sorbates. Due to its better solubility, the product contains sodium sorbate (E201 is the number in the food additives table), potassium sorbate (assigned the number E202), and calcium sorbate (E203) is also often used.
The use of sorbic acid in production
Due to its antifungal properties, it is used as a preservative. And even if you see other adjacent derivatives E201 or E203 in the composition, then these numbers do not carry the properties of the first. These are completely different additives, which are assigned their number in the table of laboratory-created food additives.
And only the preservative E200 has antifungal properties and is a mildew suppressant. Properties of this type are contained only in it.
For example, 2,4-Hexadienoic acid is neutral to bacteria, so both it and its salts are often used in combination with other preservatives, such as benzoates, which inhibit bacterial growth (E210 - E213).
How is sorbic acid used in foods?
Most often food additive E200 is used in the food industry segment as a preservative and moisturizer. It can be found in foods such as pastries, margarines and related foods, frozen foods, fruit fillings for cakes, drinks, breads, wine, and alcoholic apple drinks such as ciders.
Sorbic acid moderately affects the growth of bacteria, so it is readily used in the production of cheeses and fermented milk products (yogurt, kefir, buttermilk), which are based on the culture of beneficial bacteria.
Sorbic acid in cosmetics
The composition of cosmetics also contains sorbic acid (or its salts). It can be found in beauty products such as shower gels, shampoos, mouthwashes, and toothpastes. It is also an ingredient found in natural cosmetics.
Research is underway on the use of packaging for the production of suppressing the development of pathogenic microorganisms. It is an interesting alternative to the use of preservatives in the global mass of foods.
Due to its properties, sorbic acid is used as a fungicide in organic agriculture.
Sorbic acid (E200) and its health effects
Sorbic acid (E200) and its effects on health
Undergoes beta-oxidation as a result of metabolic processes in the body. The products of this transformation are metabolites that are harmless to health - carbon dioxide and water. Thus, we can conclude that it is a safe substance.
Like any preservative, E200 has a maximum daily intake of 25 mg per kg of body weight. Moreover, this is the daily rate.
Like all substances, sorbic acid can cause unwanted allergic reactions such as contact dermatitis, erythema and other skin irritations, and asthma, but most often they occur as a result of direct skin contact, less often after swallowing.
E200 in pregnancy
No harmful effects of sorbic acid on the health of pregnant women and the fetus were found. As with any potentially allergenic substance, expectant mothers with allergic reactions should pay special attention. Do not exceed the daily consumption limit.
Related Topic: Ascorbic Acid Iodometry Equivalence Factor = 1/2
this indicator is calculated by the following equation: 176.1 * 1/2 = 88.05 (Reaction equation).
Sorbic acid price for 1 kg varies depending on the supplier. On average, it is: 290 rubles per kilogram.
Are sorbic acid and ascorbic acid the same?
If we consider this aspect: the first is an artificially created substance, derived by synthesis.
In fact, it is a natural preservative. Therefore, it is as harmless to the human body as possible and for this reason is widely used in various fields.
The second is a natural product produced by pressing, evaporation in its pure form. Also enters the body from food.
It is an integral part of the diet, since it is responsible for the normalization of compounds and bone tissue in the body.
Sorbic acid fixed nomenclature of goods subject to foreign trade code 2916193000. Classification and a complete list are indicated on the website of the RF Customs Service. Hazard class H313 (skin exposure) is prescribed in the certificates and safety data sheet. UN group - not classified. No hazard class for transportation.
Sorbic acid in Latin is spelled Acidum sorbinicum or Sorbic acid. In the Russian Federation, it is used during the manufacture and sale of GOST 32779.
Sorbic acid, why is it added to wine?
Sorbic acid, why is it added to wine?
An additive is added to wine products in order to minimize the spread of harmful fungi and bacteria. Particularly against mold, in order to preserve the presentation of the wine.
Sorbic acid: C₆H₈O₂ (this is the chemical formula used to make it).
Sorbic acid heat treatment. For example, in bakery production, an analogue of Panosorb is used before heat treatment. It does not inhibit the yeast in the dough and allows the product to look good.
With regard to pasteurization / heat treatment of the product, Nomoi considers adding a preservative immediately after processing.
In this way, the content of harmful substances is minimized and the preservative maintains its longevity.
Sorbic acid shelf life
When properly stored, it is 2 years! This is a regulated fact. At the same time, the temperature in the warehouse can vary from 0 to +26. The most important thing here is to observe the humidity, which should not be more than 80%. That is, the room should not be damp. Also an additional aspect is the unopened packaging. That is, you must maintain tightness after delivery of the product to the warehouse.
IMPORTANT! Where to buy sorbic acid in bulk from the manufacturer?
To a greater extent, the food additive is imported. There are also manufacturers in Russia, but they make up 20% of the total market.
But if you decide to order the required volume, the TPK company will deliver the product to your warehouse directly from the manufacturer's plant.
In order to get the exact cost - send a request to the address: firstname.lastname@example.org
How is sorbic acid related to sorbitol syrup (E420)?
These two supplements are essentially nutritional. Only the first variant is used as a preservative in the final food product. But E420 is like a sweetener. Most often found in diabetic bars.